Discolouration of the gum often comes from inconsistent levels of melanin within the gum tissue.
Not all gum discolouration comes from melanin though, pigmentation may also be caused by long term use of certain medications as well as poor dental hygiene, where bacteria can build up on the gums and teeth. Years of smoking, metal-based crowns and restorations, and other systemic health conditions are other common causes.
Treating Gum Pigmentation
Gingival Depigmentation or gum bleaching is the treatment we use to remove the brown or black spots discolouration your gums. Gum bleaching is actually performed with a laser gun which vaporises and removes the thin top layer of gum tissue, destroying the cells that produce melanin. During the healing new tissue is created and it tends to be pink rather than brown. We will give you a local anaesthetic to make the procedure as comfortable as possible and the procedure takes about 20-45 minutes depending on the colour and size of the darkest patch of gum.
After a gum bleaching treatment, patients may experience some pain and sensitivity in the gums for a short time. Most people though don’t require anything more than a mild pain reliever. Our professional dentists strive for a gentle, pain free experience across all of our treatments.
Several factors can vary and increase the cost of treatment. Our team will advise you of these during your consultation.