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Up Close and Personal with the Bacteria in your Mouth

The Problems it Causes and How your Dentist can Help

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Though your teeth may look clean when you look in the mirror, it’s the things you can’t see that matter. Bacteria are tiny organisms that live in every organ in your body and over every inch of your skin. And most of the time they’re absolutely harmless as well as essential to your continued health and wellbeing. But when it comes to your oral health, there are a few bacteria that can do a lot of damage.

Tooth Decay Bacteria

Streptococcus mutans

Streptococcus mutans

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Bacteria can be found all through your mouth, but when it builds up on the teeth, around the gums, or between the teeth, it causes problems for your oral health. A build-up of bacteria causes plaque, a sticky substance that causes cavities and gum diseases. The most common type of bacteria that causes tooth decay is called Streptococcus mutans. This bacteria is always found in the mouth, but when it makes contact with sugar it increases in number and secretes acids that attack the enamel of your teeth and result in a visit to the dentist.

Gum Disease Bacteria

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Gum disease can cause a lot of damage to your mouth and must be treated by a qualified dentist to ensure the best outcome possible. There are two types of bacteria that usually cause gum disease, known as Treponema denticola and Porphyromonas gingivalis. These bacteria can increase in number and secrete toxins that disrupt the normal balance of bacteria in your mouth. When this occurs, the bacteria attack the gums and cause infection, pain, and even tooth loss. Gum disease can be a serious problem, so if you think you have it make sure you seek professional help as soon as possible.

Treponema denticola

Treponema denticola

Porphyromonas gingivalis

Porphyromonas gingivalis

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How to Keep your Mouth Healthy

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It’s impossible to get rid of all the bacteria in your mouth, and if you managed to do so you would be extremely sick. However, you need to be aware of the problems that some of these bacteria can cause and take measures to control their numbers and keep your mouth healthy. The following steps will help you do that:

  • Brush at least twice a day, especially after meals.
  • Floss your teeth every time you brush.
  • Make sure you see your dentist regularly for check-ups and cleans.
  • Chew sugarless gum after meals to encourage saliva.
  • Rinse your mouth with an anti-bacterial wash regularly.
  • Avoid sugary foods and drinks.

Paramount Dental Sydney Says

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For the best general and specific dental care, make an appointment with us at Paramount Dental Sydney. Our caring and expert staff will help you achieve the best oral health of your life and give you a smile worth showing off.